This is the small town of Kettwig in the south of Essen. Because it had no important industries, Kettwig emerged from World War II largely unscathed and with most of its medieval old town still intact.
The city of Essen, on the other hand, was a major industrial centre and a target for allied bombing. Over 270 air raids were launched against the city, destroying 90% of the centre and 60% of the suburbs. On 5 March 1943, Essen was subjected to one of the heaviest air-raids of the war. 500 people were killed, 1,600 injured, and a further 50,000 residents were made homeless.