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User / firoze shakir photographerno1 / Sets / Marriammen Feast Nehru Nagar Juhu 2011 Goddess Marriammen
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Please use your discretion while viewing this set..This is the annual animal sacrifice to appease Goddess Maryamma or Goddess Mariamen..it is quite bloody and gory a ritual but it is their ritual heritage and tradition that comes down over centuries of love and devotion to Mother Maryamma goddess of fertility..

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Māri (Tamil: மாரி),Tulu(mAri), also known as Mariamman (Tamil: மாரியம்மன் and Mariaai (Marathi: मरी आई), both meaning "Mother Mari", spelt also Maariamma (Tamil: மாரியம்மா), or simply Amman (Tamil: அம்மன், "mother") is the South Indian Hindu goddess of disease and rain. She is the main South Indian mother goddess, predominant in the rural areas of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Māri is also closely associated with the Hindu goddesses Parvati and Durga as well as with her North Indian counterpart Shitala Devi.
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Māri likely originated as a village goddess related to fertility and rain. The goddess would have been a local deity, connected to a specific location, close to a certain tree, a rock or a special spot, mostly in rural areas. According to some sources, Mariamman is the same as Renuka or Yellamma and even Sri Chowdeshwari Devi. Sri Thailuramma Devi, Huchamma Devi, Manchamma Devi, Chwodamma Devi or Chowdeshwari are few considered elder sisters of Mariamman.[clarification needed][1]
[edit] Iconography

Māri is usually pictured as a beautiful young woman with a red-hued face, wearing a red dress. Sometimes she is portrayed with many arms—representing her many powers—but in most representations she has only two or four.

Māri is generally portrayed in the sitting or standing position, often holding a trident (trisula) in one hand and a bowl (kapala) in the other. One of her hands may display a mudra, usually the abhaya mudra, to ward off fear. She may be represented with two demeanors—one displaying her pleasant nature, and the other her terrifying aspect, with fangs and a wild mane of hair.
[edit] Goddess of Disease

Mariamman was the goddess of smallpox before the disease was eradicated in India. Now she cures all so-called "heat-based" diseases like pox and rashes. During the summer months in South India (March to June), people walk miles carrying pots of water mixed with turmeric and neem leaves to ward off illnesses like the measles and chicken pox.[why?] In this way, goddess Māri is very similar to North Indian goddess Shitala Devi.
[edit] Fertility Goddess

Devotees also pray to Mariamman for familial welfare such as fertility, healthy progeny or a good spouse. The most favoured offering is "pongal", a mix of rice and green gram, cooked mostly in the temple complex, or shrine itself, in terracotta pots using firewood.

Some festivals in honor of goddess Māri involve processions carrying lights. In the night, the devotees carry oil lamps in procession.[why

Most temples to Mariamman are simple village shrines, where non-Brahmins act as lay-priests using non-agamic rituals. In many rural shrines, the goddess is represented by a granite stone with a sharp tip, like a spear head. This stone is often adorned with garlands made of limes and with red flowers. These shrines often have an anthill that could be the resting place of a cobra. Milk and eggs are offered to propitiate the snake.

Some temples have also attained enough popularity that Brahmins officiate at them. For example, the Samayapuram temple near the shore of river Cauvery in the northern outskirts of Trichy, maintains a rich agamic tradition and all rituals are performed by Gurukkal of Brahmins.

Punainallur, near Thanjavur (Tanjore), is the location of another famous Māri temple. Legend says that Mariamman appeared to the King Venkoji Maharaja Chatrapati (1676–1688) of Tanjore in his dreams and told him she was in a forest of Punna trees three miles distant from Tanjore. The King rushed to the spot and recovered an idol from the jungle. Under the king's orders a temple was constructed, the idol installed and the place was called Punnainallur. Hence the deity of this temple is known as Punnainallur Mariamman. Mud replicas of different parts of the human body are placed in the temple as offerings by devotees pleading for cure. It is said that the daughter of Tulaja Raja (1729–35) of Tanjore, who lost her eyesight due to illness, regained it after worshiping at this temple.

Other important temples of Mariamman in Tamil Nadu are in the towns of Veerapandi, Theni, Anbil (near Trichy), Narthamalai, Thiruverkadu, Salem, Virudhunagar and Sivakasi. In Chennai (Madras), a famous Mariamman temple is the Putthu Mariamman—the Putthu (ant hill) is across the road from the temple and is located on the Velachery Main Road.

Another famous Mariamman temple is situated in the state of Karnataka, in the town of Kaup, seven kilometers from the famous temple town of Udipi.

* Mariamman Koil, Pilakool
* Mariamman Temple, Ho Chi Minh City
* Mariamman Temple, Bangkok
* Mariamman temple no 4 veerapandi
* Mariamman Temple, Pretoria
* Punnainallur Mariamman
* Samayapuram Mariamman Temple
* Sri Mahamariamman Temple, Kuala Lumpur
* Sri Mariamman Temple, Penang
* Sri Mariamman Temple, Singapore
* Mariamman Temple, Pretoria
* Sri Mahamariamman Tempel, Sulzbach, Altenwald (Germany)
* Sri Mariamman temple, Brazil


In Hindu tradition, Mariamman is the sister of Lord Vishnu (Sriranganathar) and called Mahamaya[citation needed].

The Samayapuram Mariamman is also worshipped on the first day of the Tamil month of Vaikasi by the Iyengar/Srivaishnava Brahmins of Srirangam. They claim that she is the sister of Lord Renganath (a form of Vishnu) of Srirangam. This is the second most prominent temple in Tamil Nadu, following Palani, on the basis of income.[citation needed]

Another version of the traditions suggests she is the mother of Parasurama, Renukadevi who is appeased for rains. She is also known as Sri Chowdeshwari Devi in most of the parts of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. In Mysore region she is worshipped as both Chowdeshwari Devi and as well as Mariamman. There are many instances where Mariamman has appeared to people in form an old woman wearing red sari with green bangles and three mangalsutras.[clarification needed] She is also regarded as the Gramdevata[clarification needed] of certain villages, thus reducing the incidence of contagious disease in these villages. Another version depicts her as Pattalamma, goddesses of truthfullness and punctuality. She is said to punish any villager failing to practice these virtues.[citation needed]
[edit] Outside India

There are many Mariamman Temples outside of India, in Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Fiji, Vietnam, Germany[2] and South Africa, the product of efforts of the Tamil diaspora. Some notable temples include the Sri Mariamman temple in Singapore, a Mariamman temple in Pretoria, South Africa, as well as one in Medan,Sri Mariamman Tempmle Karachi Pakistan, Indonesia.[citation needed]
[edit] See also

Tags:   animal sacrifice mariammen hope and hindutva goddess maryamma maryamma feast nehru nagar juhu 2011 hope hindutva hinduism

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Tags:   Marriyamman Temple Mumbai hope and hindutva goddess marriaman maryamma feast nehru nagar juhu 2011 marriammen goddess nehru nagar juhu animal sacrifice cooking ritual hope hindutva hinduism tamil hindus of mumbai marriamman feast

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Tags:   Marriyamman Temple Mumbai hope and hindutva goddess marriaman goddess marriamen maryamma feast 2011 maryamma feast nehru nagar juhu 2011 marriammen goddess nehru nagar juhu animal sacrifice cooking ritual hope hindutva hinduism tamil hindus of mumbai marriamman feast

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183,036 items / 1,446,209 views

Tags:   Marriyamman Temple Mumbai hope and hindutva goddess marriaman goddess marriamen maryamma feast 2011 maryamma feast nehru nagar juhu 2011 marriammen goddess nehru nagar juhu animal sacrifice cooking ritual hope hindutva hinduism tamil hindus of mumbai marriamman feast

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183,036 items / 1,446,209 views

Tags:   Marriyamman Temple Mumbai hope and hindutva goddess marriaman goddess marriamen maryamma feast 2011 maryamma feast nehru nagar juhu 2011 marriammen goddess nehru nagar juhu animal sacrifice cooking ritual hope hindutva hinduism tamil hindus of mumbai marriamman feast


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