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N 9 B 50.5K C 1 E May 7, 2015 F May 7, 2015
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I met Mr Danny Denzongpa first time during the making of Boxer 1982 directed by Mr Raj N Sippy .. and from that day till the present it has been a very long journey ,, and I learnt my trade , the sartorial architecture understanding the Art of creating new looks from him ,, be it China Gate Barsaat Army Hum Khuda Gawah Pukar Agneepath .. Luck Jai Ho Baby Bang Bang and so many others ,,
Dannyji is one of the most gifted and human person , his hospitality is the finest in all Bollywood ,, whatever I am today as a person , as a couturier I owe it to Dannyji, I followed his advise , and he was there at my sons weddings ,, and recently I was at Chautha of Mr Madan Arora who was with Mr Danny for almost 40 years ..his passing away hit us all ,, Madanji was a great humanbeing too ,,,and helped me out with the most difficult situations ,,I miss him terribly ,,
And Mr Danny is a fiercely private person he hates the Internet ,, is not on Facebook or Twitter ,, Once I told him someone was successfully impersonating him on Twitter ,, I am on Twitter since 2008 ,, I took his permission and reprimanded the guy who was actually a hardcore Dannyji fan.. he deleted his account as I tagged Twitter India too.
Now I hope to be connected with his son Rinzing Denzongpa too once he hits the silverscreen

about mr danny

Danny Denzongpa (Nepali: डेनी डेन्जोङ्पा, Hindi: डैनी डेन्जोंगपा, Tamil: டேனி டென்சோங்பா, Telugu: డానీ డెంజోంగ్ప; born 25 February 1948) is an Indian actor of Sikkimese-Bhutia descent, working in Bollywood films though he has also appeared in several Kollywood, Tollywood and Kollywood films as well. He has acted in around 190 Hindi films since 1971. He has also starred in some international projects, the most famous being Seven Years in Tibet where he acted alongside Hollywood actor Brad Pitt. In 2003, Denzongpa was awarded the Padma Shree, India's fourth highest civilian honour. Denzongpa is noted for his villainous and character roles.

Early life and education[edit]
Danny was born to a Buddhist family in the Yuksom, Sikkim[2] (the 22nd state of India since 1975) where he had his early schooling, and thereafter completed his schooling from Birla Vidya Mandir and St. Joseph's College, Darjeeling, in 1964. Denzongpa's love of horses and horse riding began at an early age, as his family was into horse breeding.

He nursed an ambition to join the Indian Army and won the Best Cadet award from West Bengal and participated in the Republic Day parade. In an interview to The Times of India newspaper, he said that he had qualified for prestigious Armed Forces Medical College, Pune but withdrew admission to join Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune. He decided to change his name to a simpler sounding "Danny" as his original name was tough to be pronounced by other students. The name has stuck since.[3]

Film and singing career[edit]
During his early film career, Danny used to practice learning Hindi by talking to the ocean.

He started out with B-grade movies such as B.R. Ishara's Zaroorat in 1971(released in 1972), and had positive role in Mere Apne(1971). He had his first major negative role which he played in B.R.Chopra's 'Dhundh'(1973), a role which showed his power to emote. He got his major break in Gulzar's Mere Apne and later in B R Chopra's Dhund where he played a crippled and frustrated husband. Danny, in the 1970s period was increasingly open to do versatile roles but chose to do more positive roles. It is said Danny was the first choice to play the iconic role of Gabbar Singh in the film Sholay. However since he was away on the shoot of Feroz Khan film Dharmatma, eventually Gabbar's role went to Amjad Khan. He played more positive roles in commercially successful critically acclaimed films like Chor Machaye Shor, 36 Ghante, Fakira, Sangram(1976), Kalicharan, Kala Sona and Devata(1978).

Danny's film career spans more than 4 decades. After his performance in the film Devata (1978) he started getting more significant lengthy roles. He was simultaneously part of big budget movies like Aashiq Hoon Baharon Ka, Paapi, Bandish, The Burning Train and Chunoti in negative roles.

In the early 1980 period, he had thought of quitting films. He said in an interview, when asked why he decided to direct a film, "I remember in 80′s I was so fed up of the films I was doing. Those days every villain was a dacoit and I remember going on the sets where an actor called Tiwari was my henchmen and my den was a cave with lanterns. Next day I went on another set and I saw Tiwari again as my henchman, and the same lanterns. I asked myself what was I doing? I left Mumbai. I did lot of trekking and did not do films for a couple of years. I told NN Sippy about a script that I had in mind. and he asked me to direct. I made Phir Wohi Raat with Rajesh Khanna and my then girlfriend Kim." [4] After the success of his directorial debut, he received offers to act as the hero again in the films like Bulundi and Hum Se Badkar Kaun in 1981, which became successful. He played double role in the film Bulundi. However, most of the subsequent films of Danny between 1981-83 were not successful. Hence Danny started accepting supporting roles, often playing a character quite elder to his real age. He played Kumar Gaurav’s father in law in Love Story(1981) and Mithu Chakrabothy’s father in Boxer(1984). He started increasingly getting offers to play the negative character in Hindi films, post success of films Phir Wahi Raat, Jeeo Aur Jeene Do and Dharm Aur Qanoon. He then went on to play the roles of the villain many times since 1984. Since 1984 and through the 1990s, Danny mainly featured as the lead negative character opposite all the leading actors of those times such as Rajesh Khanna, Dharmendra, Jeetendra, Mithun Chakraborty, Vinod Khanna, Anil Kapoor and Sunny Deol.

His most applauded negative characters are in Dharm Aur Qanoon (1984) as SP Karan, Kanoon Kya Karega (1984) as Raghuvir Singh, Andar Baahar (1984) as Shera, Oonche Log (1985) as Thakur Maan Singh, Aandhi Toofan (1986), Bhagwaan Dada (1986) as Gangwaa, Agneepath (1990) as Kancha Cheena, Hum (1991) as Bakhtawar, Ghatak: Lethal as Kaatya, Krantiveer (1994) as Chatur Singh , Pukar (2000) as Abhrush and Indian as Shankar Singhania. He was pitted against Pran in the film Sanam Bewafa and 1942:A Love Story. His command over the Hindi language came in handy in films such as Sawan Kumar's Sanam Bewafa and Mukul Anand's Khuda Gawah.

At a time, when he was increasingly doing negative lead roles, Rajkumar Santoshi cast him as the positive role in China Gate(1998). In the early 2000s, Danny gave stellar performances in movies such as Asoka and 16 December (2002). Some of the antihero roles he played were an unscrupulous politician, corrupt policeman, traitor, and mingy landlord.He has also starred in some international projects, the most famous being Seven Years in Tibet where he acted alongside Hollywood actor Brad Pitt.

Danny in the early 2003 decided to take a break from films as he wanted to do different but strong roles, even if it was a negative character. He appeared in only 10 films between 2003-2009.

He is an accomplished singer having sung with Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammed Rafi and Asha Bhosle, three stalwarts of Indian music. He has released Nepalese songs and has sung for Nepalese movies. His two most famous songs recorded in the 1970s but still hit are "Chiso Chiso Hawama" ("In the cool air") and "Manko kura lai bandhi narakha..."("Do not keep the words of the heart tied"). He is also a painter, a writer and a sculptor.

He wrote and acted in the Nepali film Saino which was super hit. His nephew Ugyen Chhopel directed it. He has sung its title song and a duet with Deepa Narayan, wife of Udit Narayan. Later, this film was made in Hindi as Ajnabi as a telefilm for Doordarshan. He has sung a Nepali duet with Asha Bhosle, "Aage aage topai ko gola pachhi pachhi machinegun barara". R.D.Burman composed the song -Sang Mere Nikle The Sajan from the film Phir Wohi Raat - after getting inspired from melody of the Nepali folk song sung by Danny 'Aage Aage Topaiko Gola'. His all-Nepali songs are hits and people like them even today: "Hiun vanda chiso, Aago vanda taato..." ("Colder than snow, hotter than fire.."), "Naachana hoi maichyan hau nachana"' ("Dance o lovely girl"), "Jhimkai deu pareli manma bajchha mitho murali..." ("Please blink your eyes and sweet sound of flute plays in the heart), "Rato rani phulay ghai sanja ma "etc. are his few hit numbers. He gained popularity as a singer in the period 1975-1990 especially in places like Nepal, Darjeeling, Sikkim and Assam.

He then made a strong comeback as the villain with his role in Enthiran.He made his debut in the Tamil films with Enthiran, co-starring Rajinikanth and Aishwarya Rai in the leads. Denzongpa played the antagonist role of Bohra, a prominent scientist who transforms Chitti (played by Rajinikanth) into an evil robot. He then started playing villain in big budget movies like Jai Ho (2014) co-starring Salman Khan, Bang Bang (2014) co-starring Hrithik Roshan.

Personal life[edit]
Danny, who married Gawa Denzongpa, a Sikkimese princess and niece of the last chogyal from her hometown of Gangtok, currently resides in Juhu in Mumbai. Since the 2003, he has become more selective of the roles he plays.In the movies he chooses, he works on his own terms. His brother owns a bouj and beer factory in Melli, Sikkim.

Year From Award Won/Honored
2003 Government of India Padma Shri Honoured
Year From Award Film Won
1979 Filmfare Awards Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award Devata No
1985 Filmfare Awards Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award Kanoon Kya Karega No
1990 Filmfare Awards Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award Agneepath No
1992 Filmfare Awards Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award Sanam Bewafa Yes
1992 Filmfare Awards Filmfare Best Villain Award Hum No
1994 Filmfare Awards Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award Khuda Gawah Yes
1995 Filmfare Awards Filmfare Best Villain Award Krantiveer No
1995 Filmfare Awards Filmfare Best Villain Award Vijaypath No
1996 Filmfare Awards Filmfare Best Villain Award Barsaat No
1997 Filmfare Awards Filmfare Best Villain Award Ghatak No
As director[edit]
Year Film Director
1980 Phir Wahi Raat Yes
Unknown Ram Yes
[icon] This section requires expansion. (March 2014)
[icon] This section requires expansion. (March 2014)
Year Film Role/Notes
2015 Baby Firoz
2014 Bang Bang! Omar
2014 Jai Ho Home Minister Dashrat Singh
2013 Boss Big Boss (Mentor of Boss-Akshay Kumar)
2010 Enthiran Professor Bohra (Tamil)
2009 Acid Factory Om
2008 Luck Tamang
2008 Karzzzz Kabira
2008 Chamku Baba
2007 Big Brother
2007 Hattrick David Anna
2007 Frozen Karma
2004 Ab Tumhare Hawale Watan Saathiyo Colonel Ashfaque Khan
2004 Shikaar Darshan Damania
2003 Sandhya
2003 Ek Hindustani Special Appearance
2002 Soch Nautiyal
2002 Ab Ke Baras CBI Officer Sikander Baksh
2002 16 December Vir Vijay Singh
2002 Yeh Mohabbat Hai Aman Khan
2001 Moksha Bachelor Simon
2001 Indian Shankar Singhania
2001 Lajja Gajendra
2001 Aśoka Virat
2001 Pukar Abhrush
2001 Officer Pratap Rai/Dushyant Singh
2000 Tune Mera Dil Le Liya
1999 Silsila Hai Pyar Ka Jabhal Khargoshi
1999 Dahek: A Burning Passion Jabbar Bahkshi
1999 Kohram Minister Virbhadra Singh
1998 Zulm O Situm Sikander
1998 Vinashak - Destroyer Jailer Lankeshwar
1998 China Gate Maj. Ranjir Singh Gurung
1997 Udaan Mr. Rana
1997 Dhaal: The Battle of Law Against Law Advocate Diwan
1997 Himalay Putra Rana
1996 Ghatak: Lethal Katya
1996 Rajkumar
1996 Army Naagraj
1996 Shastra Babu
1996 Army
1995 Barsaat (1995 film) ACP Neghi
1995 Sarhad: The Border of Crime
1994 Vijaypath Dilawar Singh
1994 Chauraha Baba Bhatti
1994 Krantiveer Chatursingh
1994 Mohabbat Ki Arzoo Jagpal Singh alias Jaggu dada
1993 1942: A Love Story
1993 Dhartiputra Major Hisht
1993 Gurudev Khakan
1993 Prateeksha Dinesh Khanna
1993 Sangram Madhu's father
1993 Tahqiqaat Bhanu Pratap
1992 Drohi (Antham - Telugu) J.P. Sethi (Raghav's boss)
1992 Balwaan Bhaiji
1992 Khule-Aam Insp. Uday Singh/Insp. Ranvir Singh Rathod
1992 Khuda Gawah Khuda Baksh
1991 Lakshmanrekha Birju
1991 Vishnu-Devaa Thakur Shamsher Singh/Samppat
1991 Hum Bakhtawar
1991 Bahadur Bahadur (Bengali)
1991 Sanam Bewafa Sher Khan
1991 First Love Letter Thakur Ajit Singh
1991 Yodha Daaga/Justice Dharmesh Agnihotri
1990 Agneepath Kancha Cheena
1990 Pyaar Ke Naam Qurban Prince Yeshwant Singh
1990 Chingariyan
1990 Jagira
1990 Shandaar Dhaga
1990 Shesh Naag
1989 Shehzaade (uncredited) Thakur Roshan Singh
1989 Jung Baaz Mahakal
1989 Kasam Suhaag Ki
1989 Galiyon Ka Badshah Inspector Vijay
1989 Khoj
1989 Saaya
1989 Ustad
1988 Commando Ninja
1988 Shoorveer Shankar
1988 Ek Hi Maqsad Inspector. Deepak
1988 Mardon Wali Baat Raja Sunder Singh
1988 Gunahon Ka Faisla
1988 Janam Janam
1988 Jeete Hain Shaan Se J.P.
1988 Mera Shikar
1988 Paap Ki Duniya Pasha
1988 Yateem Girivar Prasad Mathur
1987 Saino (Nepali Film)
1987 Itihaas
1987 Faqir Badshah
1987 Aag Hi Aag Daulat Singh/Choudhury
1987 Deewana Tere Naam Ka Shambhu
1986 Chambal Ka Badshah Sultan
1986 Bhagwan Dada Shambu Dada
1986 Allah Rakha
1985 Maha Shaktiman aka Maharudra (India: Bengali title)
1985 Yudh Gama Maating/Mr. Chinoy
1985 Jawaab Seth. Jagmohan
1985 Aandhi Toofan
1985 Aitbaar Inspector Barua
1985 Oonche Log Thakur Maan Singh
1985 Patthar Dil Jung Bahadur
1984 Andar Baahar Shera
1984 Farishta
1984 Boxer Dharma
1984 Jagir Danny
1984 Kanoon Kya Karega
1984 Manzil Manzil Gautam (Pahadi Baba)
1984 Mera Dost Mera Dushman
1984 Pyar Jhukta Nahin
1983 Mujhe Insaaf Chahiye
1983 Lovers
1983 Ganga Meri Maa
1983 Andha Kanoon Akhbar Ali
1982 Raj Mahal
1982 Kachche Heere Arjun
1981 Love Story Ram Dogra
1980 Chunaoti
1980 Kali Ghata Kishore
1980 Abdullah
1980 Bandish Kapil Kumar
1980 Bulundi Lobo
1980 The Burning Train
1980 Choron Ki Baraat
1980 Phir Wahi Raat Ashok
1979 Griha Pravesh Danny
1979 Aaj Ki Dhara Danny
1979 Lahu Ke Do Rang
1978 Lal Kuthi (Bengali)
1978 Devata Inspector Lawrence
1978 Naya Daur
1977 Aashiq Hoon Baharon Ka Vikram (Jamunadas' son)
1977 Abhi To Jee Lein Danny
1977 Chandi Sona
1977 Khel Khilari Ka
1977 Mit Jayenge Mitane Wale
1977 Paapi Abdul
1976 Fakira Munna/Ajay/Toofan
1976 Kalicharan
1976 Laila Majnu Prince Bahksh
1976 Sangram Salim/Altaf
1975 Aakhri Dao Robert
1975 Apne Rang Hazaar
1975 Kala Sona
1975 Ponga Pandit Rocky
1975 Raftaar
1975 Rani Aur Lalpari
1975 Zorro
1974 Chor Machaye Shor
1974 36 Ghante Dilawar Khan
1974 Khote Sikkay Danny
1973 Dhund Thakur Ranjit Singh (crippled husband)
1973 Khoon Khoon remake of Dirty Harry (English)
1972 Milap
1972 Rakhi Aur Hathkadi Raja
1972 Yeh Gulistan Hamara
1971 Mere Apne Sanju
1971 Zaroorat

Tags:   danny denzongpa bang look

N 18 B 93.8K C 0 E Jul 26, 2012 F Aug 27, 2018
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I made costumes of Amitji in Bade Miya Chote Miya and Lal Badshah

from wikipedia

Amitabh Bachchan ([əmɪtaːbʱ bəttʃən] ( listen), born Amitabh Harivansh Bachchan on 11 October 1942) is an Indian film actor. He first gained popularity in the early 1970s as the "angry young man" of Hindi cinema, and has since appeared in over 180 Indian films in a career spanning more than four decades.[1][2] Bachchan is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential actors in the history of Indian cinema.[3][4][5]
Bachchan has won numerous major awards in his career, including three National Film Awards as Best Actor, and fourteen Filmfare Awards. He is the most-nominated performer in any major acting category at Filmfare, with 37 nominations overall. In addition to acting, Bachchan has worked as a playback singer, film producer and television presenter. He also had a stint in politics in the 1980s. He has received both the Padma Shri and the Padma Bhushan civilian awards from the Indian government.
Bachchan was born in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. His father, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, was a Hindi poet, and his mother, Teji Bachchan, was a Sikh from Faisalabad (now in Pakistan).[6] Bachchan was initially named Inquilaab, inspired from the famous phrase Inquilab Zindabad, during the Indian independence struggle. However, at the suggestion of fellow poet Sumitranandan Pant, Harivansh Rai changed the name to Amitabh which means, "the light that would never go off." Though his surname was Shrivastava, his father had adopted the pen-name Bachchan (meaning child-like in colloquial Hindi), under which he published all his works. It is with this last name that Amitabh debuted in films, and, for all public purposes, it has become the surname of all members of his family. Bachchan's father died in 2003, and his mother in 2007.[7]
Amitabh is the elder of Harivansh Rai Bachchan's two sons, the second being Ajitabh. His mother had a keen interest in theatre and had been offered a role in a film, but preferred her domestic duties. She had some degree of influence in Bachchan's choice of career because she always insisted that he should take the centre stage.[8]

Bachchan made his film debut in 1969 as a voice narrator in Mrinal Sen's National Award winning film Bhuvan Shome. Thereafter he got his first acting role as one of the seven protagonists in Saat Hindustani, a film directed by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas and featuring Utpal Dutt, Madhu and Jalal Agha. Though the film was not a financial success, Bachchan won his first National Film Award for Best Newcomer.[9]
Anand (1971) followed, where he starred alongside Rajesh Khanna. Bachchan's role as a doctor with a cynical view of life garned him his first Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award. He then played his first negative role as an infatuated lover-turned-murderer in Parwaana (1971). This was followed by several films including Reshma Aur Shera (1971). During this time, he made a guest appearance in the film Guddi which starred his future wife Jaya Bhaduri. He narrated part of the film Bawarchi. In 1972, he made an appearance in the road action comedy Bombay to Goa, directed by S. Ramanathan. Many of his films during this early period did not do well, but that was about to change.[10]
Rise to stardom: 1973–1983
Director Prakash Mehra cast him in the leading role for the film Zanjeer (1973) as Inspector Vijay Khanna. The film was a sharp contrast to the romantically themed films that had generally preceded it and established Amitabh in a new persona—the "angry young man" of Bollywood cinema.[2] He earned a Filmfare nomination for Best Actor. Filmfare considers this one of the iconic performances of Bollywood history.[10] The year 1973 was also when he married Jaya, and around this time they appeared in several films together; not only in Zanjeer but in films such as Abhimaan which followed and was released only a month after their marriage. Later, Bachchan played the role of Vikram in the film Namak Haraam, a social drama directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee and scripted by Biresh Chatterjee addressing themes of friendship. His supporting role won him his second Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award.[citation needed]

Bachchan in Deewar.
In 1974, Bachchan made several guest appearances in films such as Kunwara Baap and Dost, before playing a supporting role in Roti Kapda Aur Makaan. The film, directed and written by Manoj Kumar, addressed themes of honesty in the face of oppression and financial and emotional hardship. Bachchan then played the leading role in film Majboor, released on 6 December 1974, which was a remake of the Hollywood film Zigzag. The film was only a moderate success at the box office.[11] In 1975, he starred in a variety of film genres from the comedy Chupke Chupke, the crime drama Faraar to the romantic drama Mili. 1975 was the year when he appeared in two films which are regarded as important in Hindi cinematic history. He starred in the Yash Chopra directed film Deewaar, opposite Shashi Kapoor, Nirupa Roy, and Neetu Singh, which earned him a Filmfare Nomination for Best Actor. The film became a major hit at the box office in 1975, ranking in at number 4.[12] Indiatimes Movies ranks Deewaar amongst the Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films.[13] Released on 15 August 1975 was Sholay (meaning flames), which became the highest grossing film of all time in India, earning INR 2,36,45,00,000 equivalent to US$ 60 million, after adjusting for inflation.[14] Bachchan played the role of Jaidev. In 1999, BBC India declared it the "Film of the Millennium" and like Deewar, has been cited by Indiatimes movies as amongst the Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films.[13] In that same year, the judges of the 50th annual Filmfare Awards awarded it with the special distinction award called Filmfare Best Film of 50 Years.
Bachchan starred in comedies such as Chupke Chupke (1975) and Amar Akbar Anthony (1977) and in films such as Kabhie Kabhie (1976). In 1976, he was once again cast by director Yash Chopra in his second film, Kabhi Kabhie, a romantic tale in which Bachchan starred as a young poet named Amit Malhotra who falls deeply in love with a beautiful young girl named Pooja played by actress Rakhee Gulzar. The film saw him again nominated for the Filmfare Best Actor Award. In 1977, he won his first Filmfare Best Actor Award for his performance in Amar Akbar Anthony where he played the third lead opposite Vinod Khanna and Rishi Kapoor as Anthony Gonsalves. In 1978 he starred in all four of the highest grossing films of India in that year.[15] He once again resumed double roles in films such as Kasme Vaade as Amit and Shankar and Don playing the characters of Don, a leader of an underworld gang and his look alike Vijay. His performance won him his second Filmfare Best Actor Award. He also performed in Trishul and Muqaddar Ka Sikandar which both earned him further Filmfare Best Actor nominations. He was billed a "one-man industry" by the French director François Truffaut.[16]
In 1979, for the first time, Amitabh was required to use his singing voice for the film Mr. Natwarlal in which he starred alongside Rekha. His performance in the film saw him nominated for both the Filmfare Best Actor Award and the Filmfare Best Male Playback Awards. In 1979, he also received Best Actor nomination for Kaala Patthar (1979) and then went on to be nominated again in 1980 for the Raj Khosla directed film Dostana, in which he starred opposite Shatrughan Sinha and Zeenat Aman. Dostana proved to be the top grossing film of 1980.[17] In 1981, he starred in Yash Chopra's melodrama film Silsila, where he starred alongside his wife Jaya and rumoured lover Rekha. Other films of this period include Ram Balram (1980), Shaan (1980), Lawaaris (1981), and Shakti (1982) which pitted him against legendary actor Dilip Kumar.[18]
1982 injury while filming Coolie
On 26 July 1982, while filming Coolie in the University Campus in Bangalore, Bachchan suffered a near fatal intestinal injury during the filming of a fight scene with co-actor Puneet Issar.[19] Bachchan was performing his own stunts in the film and one scene required him to fall onto a table and then on the ground. However as he jumped towards the table, the corner of the table struck his abdomen, resulting in a splenic rupture from which he lost a significant amount of blood. He required an emergency splenectomy and remained critically ill in hospital for many months, at times close to death. The public response included prayers in temples and offers to sacrifice limbs to save him, while later, there were long queues of well-wishing fans outside the hospital where he was recuperating.[20] Nevertheless, he spent many months recovering and resumed filming later that year after a long period of recuperation. The film was released in 1983, and partly due to the huge publicity of Bachchan's accident, the film was a box office success.[21]
The director, Manmohan Desai, altered the ending of Coolie after Bachchan's accident. Bachchan's character was originally intended to have been killed off but after the change of script, the character lived in the end. It would have been inappropriate, said Desai, for the man who had just fended off death in real life to be killed on screen. Also, in the released film the footage of the fight scene is frozen at the critical moment, and a caption appears onscreen marking this as the instant of the actor's injury and the ensuing publicity of the accident.[20]
Later, he was diagnosed with Myasthenia gravis. His illness made him feel weak both mentally and physically and he decided to quit films and venture into politics. At this time he became pessimistic, expressing concern with how a new film would be received and stated before every release, "Yeh film to flop hogi!" ("This film will flop").[22]
Politics: 1984–87
In 1984, Bachchan took a break from acting and briefly entered politics in support of long-time family friend, Rajiv Gandhi. He contested Allahabad's seat of 8th Lok Sabha against H. N. Bahuguna, former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and won by one of the highest victory margins in general election history (68.2% of the vote).[23] His political career, however, was short-lived: he resigned after three years, calling politics a cesspool. The resignation followed the implication of Bachchan and his brother in the "Bofors scandal" by a newspaper, which he vowed to take to court. Bachchan was eventually found not guilty of involvement in the ordeal.[24]
His old friend, Amar Singh, helped him during a financial crisis due to the failure of his company ABCL. Therefore Bachchan started to support Amar Singh's political party, the Samajwadi party. Jaya Bachchan joined the Samajwadi Party and became a Rajya Sabha member.[25] Bachchan has continued to do favors for the Samajwadi party, including advertisements and political campaigns. These activities have recently gotten him into trouble again in the Indian courts for false claims after a previous incident of submission of legal papers by him, stating that he is a farmer.[26]
A 15 year press ban against Bachchan was imposed during his peak acting years by Stardust and some of the other film magazines. In his own defense, Bachchan claimed to have banned the press from entering his sets until late 1989.[27]
Slump and retirement: 1988–1992
In 1988, Bachchan returned to films, playing the title role in Shahenshah, which was a box office success due to the hype of Bachchan's comeback.[28] After the success of his comeback film however, his star power began to wane as all of his subsequent films failed at the box office. The 1991 hit film, Hum, for which he won his third Filmfare Best Actor Award, looked like it might reverse this trend, but the momentum was short-lived as his string of box office failures continued. Notably, despite the lack of hits, it was during this period that Bachchan won his first National Film Award for Best Actor, for his performance as a Mafia don in the 1990 film Agneepath. These years would be the last he would be seen on screen for some time. After the release of Khuda Gawah in 1992, Bachchan went into semi-retirement for five years. In 1994, one of his delayed films Insaniyat was released but was also a box office failure.[29]
Producer and acting comeback 1996–99
Bachchan turned producer during his temporary retirement period, setting up Amitabh Bachchan Corporation, Ltd. (A.B.C.L.) in 1996, with the vision of becoming a 10 billion rupees (approx 250 million $US) premier entertainment company by the year 2000. ABCL's strategy was to introduce products and services covering the entire section of the India's entertainment industry. Its operations were mainstream commercial film production and distribution, audio cassettes and video discs, production and marketing of television software, celebrity and event management. Soon after the company was launched in 1996, the first film was produced by the company. Tere Mere Sapne failed to do well at the box office but launched the careers of actors such as Arshad Warsi and South films star Simran. ABCL produced a few other films, none of which did well.
In 1997, Bachchan attempted to make his acting comeback with the film Mrityudata, produced by ABCL. Though Mrityudaata attempted to reprise Bachchan's earlier success as an action hero, the film was a failure both financially and critically. ABCL was the main sponsor of the 1996 Miss World beauty pageant, Bangalore but lost millions. The fiasco and the consequent legal battles surrounding ABCL and various entities after the event, coupled with the fact that ABCL was reported to have overpaid most of its top level managers, eventually led to its financial and operational collapse in 1997. The company went into administration and was later declared a failed company by Indian Industries board. The Bombay high court, in April 1999, restrained Bachchan from selling off his Bombay bungalow 'Prateeksha' and two flats till the pending loan recovery cases of Canara Bank were disposed of. Bachchan had, however, pleaded that he had mortgaged his bungalow to Sahara India Finance for raising funds for his company.[30]
Bachchan attempted to revive his acting career and had average success with Bade Miyan Chote Miyan (1998),[29] and received positive reviews for Sooryavansham (1999)[31] but other films such as Lal Baadshah (1999) and Hindustan Ki Kasam (1999) were box office failures.
Return to prominence: 2000–present

In 2000, Amitabh Bachchan appeared in Yash Chopra's box-office hit, Mohabbatein, directed by Aditya Chopra. He played a stern, older figure that rivalled the character of Shahrukh Khan. His role won him his third Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award. Other hits followed, with Bachchan appearing as an older family patriarch in Ek Rishtaa: The Bond of Love (2001), Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) and Baghban (2003). As an actor, he continued to perform in a range of characters, receiving critical praise for his performances in Aks (2001), Aankhen (2002), Khakee (2004) and Dev (2004). One project that did particularly well for Bachchan was Sanjay Leela Bhansali's Black (2005). The film starred Bachchan as an aging teacher of a deaf-blind girl and followed their relationship. His performance was unanimously praised by critics and audiences and won him his second National Film Award for Best Actor and fourth Filmfare Best Actor Award. Taking advantage of this resurgence, Amitabh began endorsing a variety of products and services, appearing in many television and billboard advertisements. In 2005 and 2006, he starred with his son Abhishek in the hit films Bunty Aur Babli (2005), the Godfather tribute Sarkar (2005), and Kabhi Alvida Na Kehna (2006). All of them were successful at the box office.[32][33] His later releases in 2006 and early 2007 were Baabul (2006),[34] Ekalavya and Nishabd (2007), which failed to do well at the box office but his performances in each of them were praised by critics.[35]
In May 2007, two of his films Cheeni Kum and the multi-starrer Shootout at Lokhandwala were released. Shootout at Lokhandwala did very well at the box office and was declared a hit in India, while Cheeni Kum picked up after a slow start and only had average success.[36] A remake of his biggest hit, Sholay (1975), entitled Ram Gopal Varma Ki Aag, released in August of that same year and proved to be a major commercial failure in addition to its poor critical reception.[36] The year also marked Bachchan's first appearance in an English-language film, Rituparno Ghosh's The Last Lear. The film premiered at the 2007 Toronto International Film Festival on 9 September 2007. He received positive reviews from critics who hailed his performance as his best ever since Black.[37] Bachchan was slated to play a supporting role in his first international film, Shantaram, directed by Mira Nair and starring Hollywood actor Johnny Depp in the lead. The film was due to begin filming in February 2008 but due to the writer's strike, was pushed to September 2008.[38] The film is currently "shelved" indefinitely.[39] Vivek Sharma's Bhoothnath, in which he plays the title role as a ghost, was released on 9 May 2008. Sarkar Raj, the sequel of the 2005 film Sarkar, released in June 2008 and received a positive response at the box-office. Paa, which released at the end of 2009 was a highly anticipated project as it saw him playing his own son Abhishek's Progeria-affected 13-year-old son, and it opened to favourable reviews, particularly towards Bachchan's performance. It won him his third National Film Award for Best Actor and fifth Filmfare Best Actor Award. In 2010, he debuted in Malayalam film through Kandahar, directed by Major Ravi and co-starring Mohanlal.[40] The film was based on the hijacking incident of the Indian Airlines Flight 814.[41] Bachchan did not receive any remuneration for this film.[42]
Television career
In the year 2000, Bachchan stepped up to host India's adaptation of the British television game show, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? entitled, Kaun Banega Crorepati. As it did in most other countries where it was adopted, the program found immediate success. He has hosted all but one of the seasons of the show. Canara Bank withdrew its law suit against Bachchan in November 2000. Bachchan hosted KBC till November 2005, when he fell ill. At that time he was admitted to Lilavati Hospital's ICU once more, to undergo surgery for diverticulitis of the small intestine.[43] During the period and that following his recovery, most of his projects were put on hold, including KBC.[44] He has hosted all but one season of the show. Its success set the stage for his return to film popularity. In 2009 Oscar winning movie Slumdog Millionaire in the first question of Who Wants to be a Millionaire? contest "Amitabh Bachchan" was the correct answer to the question "Who was the star of Zanjeer? Feroz Abbas Khan performed as Amitabh Bachchan in a scene in the movie while Anil Kapoor performed as the host of the contest. Bachchan hosted the third season of the reality show Bigg Boss in 2009.[45]

wall art by Ranjit Dahiya

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Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, (Marathi : धुंडीराज गोविंद फाळके) popularly known as Dadasaheb Phalke (Marathi : दादासाहेब फाळके) (About this sound pronunciation (help·info)) (30 April 1870 – 16 February 1944) was an Indian producer-director-screenwriter, known as the father of Indian cinema.[1][2][3] Starting with his debut film, Raja Harishchandra in 1913, now known as India's first full-length feature, he made 95 movies and 26 short films in his career spanning 19 years, till 1937, including his most noted works: Mohini Bhasmasur (1913), Satyavan Savitri (1914), Lanka Dahan (1917), Shri Krishna Janma (1918) and Kaliya Mardan (1919).[4]

The Dadasaheb Phalke Award, for lifetime contribution to cinema, was instituted in his honour by the Government of India in 1969. The award is one of the most prestigious awards in Indian cinema and is the highest official recognition for film personalities in the country.[5] A postage stamp, bearing his face, was released by India Post to honour him in 1971. A variant, honorary Award from The Dadasaheb Phalke Academy Mumbai was Introduced in the year 2001, for lifetime achievement in Indian cinema.[6]

Early life and education[edit]
Dhundiraj Govind Phalke was born in a deshastha Brahmin Marathi family on 30 April 1870 at Tryambakeshwar, 30 km from Nashik, Maharashtra, India,[4] where his father was an accomplished scholar.[7]

He joined Sir J. J. School of Art, Mumbai in 1885. After passing from J.J. School in 1890, Phalke went to the Kala Bhavan in Baroda, where he studied sculpture, engineering, drawing, painting and photography.[8]

Early career[edit]
He began his career as a small town photographer in Godhra but had to leave business after the death of his first wife and child in an outbreak of the bubonic plague. He soon met the German magician Carl Hertz, one of the 40 magicians employed by the Lumiere Brothers. Soon after, he had the opportunity to work with the Archeological Survey of India as a draftsman. However, restless with his job and its constraints, he turned to the business of printing. He specialised in lithography and oleograph, and worked for painter Raja Ravi Varma. Phalke later started his own printing press, made his first trip abroad to Germany, to learn about the latest technology, machinery and for art also.

Following a dispute with his partners about the running of the press, he gave up printing and turned his attention to moving pictures, after watching a silent film, The Life of Christ and envisioning Indian gods on the screen. Phalke made his first film, Raja Harishchandra, in 1912; it was first shown publicly on 3 May 1913 at Mumbai's Coronation Cinema,[9] effectively marking the beginning of the Indian film industry. Around one year before, Ramchandra Gopal (known as Dadasaheb Torne) had recorded on stage a film drama called Pundalik and shown recording at the same theatre. However, the credit for making the first indigenous Indian feature film is attributed to Dadasaheb Phalke[10] as it is said that "Pundalik" had British cinematographers.

Once again, Phalke proved successful in his new art and proceeded to make several silent films, shorts, documentary feature, educational, comic, tapping all the potential of this new medium. Film, having proved its financial viability, soon attracted businessmen who favoured money over aesthetics.

Hindustan films[edit]
Phalke formed a film company, Hindustan Films in partnership with five businessmen from Mumbai, in the hope that by having the financial aspect of his profession handled by experts in the field, he would be free to pursue the creative aspect. He set up a model studio and trained technicians, actors but, very soon, he ran into insurmountable problems with his partners. In 1920, Phalke resigned from Hindustan Films, made his first announcement of retirement from cinema, and he wrote Rangbhoomi, an acclaimed play. Lacking his extremely imaginative genius, Hindustan Films ran into deep financial loss, and he was finally persuaded to return. However, Phalke felt constrained by the business and, after directing a few films for the company, he withdrew it.

Sound film[edit]
The times changed and Phalke fell victim to the emerging technology of sound film. Unable to cope with the talkies, the man who had fathered the Indian film industry became obsolete. His last silent movie Setubandhan was released in 1932 and later released with dubbing. During 1936–38, he produced his last film Gangavataran (1937), before retiring to Nashik, where he died on 16 February 1944.
Selected filmography[edit]
Raja Harishchandra (1913)
Lanka Dahan (1917)
Shri Krishna Janma (1918)
Kaliya Mardan (1919)
Setu Bandhan (1932)
Gangavataran (1937)
"Mohini Bhasmasur" (1913)
"Savitri Satyavan" (1914)
In popular culture[edit]
In 2009, the Marathi film Harishchandrachi Factory, which was directed by theatre veteran Paresh Mokashi and depicts Dadasaheb Phalke's struggle in making Raja Harishchandra in 1913, was selected as India's official entry to the Academy Awards in the Best Foreign Language Film category.[11][12][13]

He has three great grand sons, two among them are settled in Mumbai.


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