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User / DameBoudicca / Sets / Museum objects
Rebecca B. / 710 items

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ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved
Do not use without permission.

On display at the Fitzwilliam museum. The museum labels can tell us the following about these marble heads:

[The left one, the head of a warrior] The hand which violently pulls the hair of this head, and the expression of pain on the face, suggest that this was part of a battle scene. The piece was only roughly worked on the back and was probably cut out of a deep relief. Made in Greece about 300-100 BC.

[The middle one, the head of an Amazon] This head belongs to a female warrior who was lying on her side, after being struck down in battle. The right side of the head is only roughly carved and was not intended to be visible in the original composition. Made in Greece about 150-250 AD.

[The right one, the head of a bearded man] This head is from a small relief, perhaps a coffin decoration. The luxuriant beard and wild hair suggest that this may not be a human, but rather a god, giant or centaur from a mythological scene. Made in Attica, Greece, about 100-200 AD,

Tags:   England Inglaterra Angleterre Inghilterra イングランド Britain great britain united kingdom UK storbritannien Vereinigtes Königreich Reino Unido Royaume-Uni Regno Unito イギリス Cambridge ケンブリッジ Fitzwilliam museum Fitzwilliam head huvud tête Kopf testa cabeza 頭 marble marmor marbre marmo 大理石 museum musée museo 博物館 Greek grekisk grec greco griechisch griego

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ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved
Do not use without permission.

This head, made of bronze and brass, represent a Benin queen (Iyoba) in traditional dress. Heads like this were made to represent kings and queens, dedicated to honour deceased members of the royal family at shrines.

These heads entered the international art market after British troops raided the Benin city (the known as Edo) in 1897 - a retaliation after Benin warriors had killed the greater part of an expedition which had tried to make its way to Benin city. The Brits, in the official documents, claimed this retaliation (which destroyed the city, the royal palace and displacing a royal family which had been in power for more than 600 years) was justified since the expedition had been out on a peaceful mission - ignoring the fact that the real goal for that expedition had been to displace the king, who had a monopoly on trade in the area (the cost for this expedition was supposed to be covered by the ivories they were expected to find in the royal palace). This spelt the end of the Benin kingdom.

Benin city still exists, located in southern Nigeria - the state that is now known as Benin was formally called Dahomey, but changed its name in the 1970s - though it is named after the kingdom of Benin even with the lack of an actual historical connection.

It is estimated that only about 50 of the Benin bronzes are still in Nigeria, but some 2 400 can be found in the rest of the world.

This head is one of several that is on display at the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology in Cambridge.

Tags:   England Inglaterra Angleterre Inghilterra イングランド Britain great britain united kingdom UK storbritannien Vereinigtes Königreich Reino Unido Royaume-Uni Regno Unito イギリス Cambridge ケンブリッジ Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology museum musée museo 博物館 bronze brons bronzo bronce 青銅 iyoba Benin kingdom of benin Königreich Benin kungariket Benin Reino de Benín Edo Royaume du Bénin Regno del Benin ベニン王国 head huvud tête Kopf testa cabeza 頭

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ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved
Do not use without permission.

This is a reconstruction of the shape of what is known as Cubicolo B in the Casa della Farnesina, with the original wall paintings. They date to circa 30-20 B.C.

Several of the murals from this place are on display at Museo Nazionale, Rome.

Tags:   italy italien italia italie イタリア rome rom roma ローマ roman romaine romersk antiquity antiken altertum Antiquité antica antigua 古代 national museum of rome Museo Nazionale Romano Palazzo Massimo alle Terme Museo nazionale romano di palazzo Massimo Museo Nacional Romano Palacio Massimo alle Terme Musée national romain Palais Massimo Palais Massimo alle Terme ローマ国立博物館 museum musée museo 博物館 cubicolo Cubicolo B casa della farnesina

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ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved
Do not use without permission.

A very impressive stone sarcophagus - named after its find-spot, and dating to the last decade of the 2nd century A.D. It depicts the fight between Roman forces and barbarians, where the Romans are ultimately victorious.

Now on display at Museo Nazionale, Rome.

Tags:   italy italien italia italie イタリア rome rom roma ローマ roman romaine romersk antiquity antiken altertum Antiquité antica antigua 古代 national museum of rome Museo Nazionale Romano Palazzo Massimo alle Terme Museo nazionale romano di palazzo Massimo Museo Nacional Romano Palacio Massimo alle Terme Musée national romain Palais Massimo Palais Massimo alle Terme ローマ国立博物館 museum musée museo 博物館 marble marbre marmo marmor Mármol 大理石 Sarcofago Sarcophage sarcophagus sarkofag Sarkophag Sarcófago サルコファガス relief relieve Bassorilievo レリーフ battle slag slagfält schlacht batalla Bataille Battaglia 戦闘 battlefield champ de bataille Schlachtfeld barbarian barbar bárbaro barbare barbaro 野蛮

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ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved
Do not use without permission.

This is not a before and after picture - this is two Roman copies of the original Greek bronze sculpture Discobolus by Myron, made sometime 450-460 B.C. The sculpture was incredibly popular so a lot of copies of it were made, these two are from the 2nd century A.D. - the one to the left is dated to the reign of emperor Hadrian, and the one to the right is slightly later with a date around 150 A.D This one is the best preserved of all the Roman marble copies out there. These two are on display at Museo Nazionale Romani, in Rome. Others can be found at for example the Vatican Museums and British Museum.

Tags:   italy italien italia italie イタリア rome rom roma ローマ roman romaine romersk antiquity antiken altertum Antiquité antica antigua 古代 national museum of rome Museo Nazionale Romano Palazzo Massimo alle Terme Museo nazionale romano di palazzo Massimo Museo Nacional Romano Palacio Massimo alle Terme Musée national romain Palais Massimo Palais Massimo alle Terme ローマ国立博物館 museum musée museo 博物館 Discobolus Discobolo Myron scultura sculpture escultura skulptur 彫刻 statue staty statua estatua 塑像


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