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User / DameBoudicca / Sets / Italy
Rebecca B. / 596 items

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ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved
Do not use without permission.

In San Nicola dei Lorensi. (Sorry about the black blur in the corner, I had to stand in a doorway - no further entering was allowed into the church at the time - and I wanted to capture as much as possible of the ceiling.) The paintings were done in 1731 by Corrado Giaquinto.

This is a national church of France in Rome - the French name is Saint-Nicolas-des-Lorrains. This Baroque church was finished in 1632 after a design by the Frenchman François Desjardins (in Italian Francesco Giardini) - initially dedicated to the duchy of Lorraine.

Tags:   italy italien italia italie イタリア rome rom roma ローマ church kirche église kyrka iglesia chiesa 教会堂 baroque barock バロック san nicola dei lorensi saint-nicolas-des-lorrains François Desjardins Francesco Giardini giardini desjardin corrado giaquinto giaquinto ceiling innertak plafond techo soffitto 天井 barroco barocco

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ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved
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The top part of the Nymphaeum loggia at Villa Giulia (it has two floors below this, below ground). The Villa was built for Pope Julius III, started in 1551 and completed around 1553, as a place to relax at and get away from the hustle and bustle of everyday life. This loggia was designed by the architect Bartolomeo Ammannati. This was built to offer some coolness during the hot Italian summers (would have been perfect this day when I was visiting, which was quite terribly hot, but the area below is roped off and visitors not allowed).

Today the villa houses the National Etruscan Museum.

Tags:   italy italien italia italie イタリア rome rom roma ローマ Renaissance Renacimiento Rinascimento ルネサンス Renässansen Villa Giulia Villa Julia Museo Nazionale Etrusco loggia nymphaeum nymphaion Nymphäum ninfeo nymphée ニンファエウム

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ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved
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View of Forum Romanum with the temple of Saturn and the temple of Vespasian and Titus.

The cult of the god Saturn in Rome is quite old - the temple remains are in comparison quite new (as an ancient Roman temple goes). The first temple in this spot was built around 497 B.C. These columns on the other hand dates to a temple building from 360-380 A.D. when the previous building had been destroyed by a fire. Much of this temple is built with parts from older buildings - but the columns are made in the style of late Antiquity, in white Thasian marble.

The two columns (it's actually three, but the third one is hidden from view) with a bit frieze remaining is the temple of emperor Vespasian and his son Titus. It was an expression of the Roman imperial cult - the temple was started by Titus after the death of his father, and then after Titus' death it was continued by his brother Domitian and finished some time around 87 A.D.

Tags:   italy italien italia italie イタリア rome rom roma ローマ roman romaine romersk antiquity antiken altertum Antiquité antica antigua 古代 ruins ruin ruine ruinas 廃墟 temple tempel tempio templo 廟 pillar pelare column säule colonna colonne columna kolonn 柱 temple of saturn saturnustemplet Tempel des Saturn Templo de Saturno Temple de Saturne Tempio di Saturno サートゥルヌス神殿 神殿 Temple of Vespasian and Titus Templum divi Vespasiani Tempio di Vespasiano Tempel des Vespasian und des Titus templum Vespasiani et Titi Templo de Vespasiano y Tito Temple de Vespasien temple de Vespasien et Titus ウェスパシアヌスとティトゥス神殿 vespasian vespasianus Vespasiano Vespasien ウェスパシアヌス Titus Tito ティトゥス night Nacht nuit Noche notte 夜

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ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved
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In San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome.

The church has old roots, dating back to 324 - but you can't really see that in the current building. It was rebuilt several times under different popes - and the most prominent style in the church today is the Baroque. But this floor is medieval - it dates to the 14th century, to be completely finished in 1425. It is made in the Cosmatesque style, popular on Italian church floors from the 12th century - but this is a rather late example of it. The style uses a mix of marble and glass and geometric forms inspired by Byzantine art. The popularity spread across Europe and examples can even be found in England (Westminster Abbey). The name comes from the Cosmati family of craftsmen, who, though they might not have invited the style, popularized it.

Tags:   italy italien italia italie イタリア rome rom roma ローマ church kyrka Kirche église Chiesa Iglesia 教会堂 san giovannin in Laterano Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran Lateranbasilika Lateranbasilikan Archibasílica de San Juan de Letrán Basilique Saint-Jean-de-Latran ラテラノ大聖堂 mosaic mosaik mosaico mosaïque モザイク Cosmatesque Cosmati cosmatesco medeltiden middle ages medioevo medieval edad media moyen âge mittelalter 中世 floor golv Fußboden piso plancher pavimento 床

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ⓒRebecca Bugge, All Rights Reserved
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The original Pantheon was built by Marcus Agrippa in 27 B.C. - the inscription on the front outside still says: M.AGRIPPA.L.F.COS.TERTIUM.FECIT which means "Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, who has been consul three times, built this". Modern archaeological research has shown that the Pantheon now standing here is not the one Agrippa built - instead it was erected sometime after 110 A.D. after the original had been destroyed by fire in 80 A.D. (it was first rebuilt by Domitian after the fire, but that one also burned down). Earlier historians thought this done by Hadrian, but new research could indicate it was actually done already by Trajan, and his architect Apollodorus of Damascus, and then finished by Hadrian. The actual function of the building in ancient times is not known.

In 609 the Pantheon was consecrated to be a church by Pope Boniface IV, and it still is a church, called Sancta Maria ad Martyres (now Santa Maria dei Martiri, and informally known as Santa Maria Rotonda). Since the Renaissance it has been used as a burial place and here two of Italy's kings are buried: Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I.

Tags:   italy italien italia italie イタリア rome rom roma ローマ temple tempel tempio templo roman romaine romersk antiquity antiken altertum Antiquité antica antigua 古代 church kirche église kyrka iglesia chiesa 教会堂 pantheon agrippa hadrian hadrianus trajan trajanus apollodorus of damascus Apollodor von Damaskus Apolodoro de Damasco Apollodore de Damas Apollodoro di Damasco boniface IV Bonifatius IV sancta maria ad martyres santa maria dei martiri santa maria rotonda ceiling innertak decke techo plafond soffitto 天井


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