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St James's Park is the oldest park in London, the grounds being bought from Eton college by Henry VIII in 1532. James I gave orders in 1603 to have the marshy land drained and turned into something more suitable for a king. Charles II, in his turn, had been inspired by French parks and when he became official king in 1660 he had the park remodelled to fit his taste, probably by the French garden designer André Mollet.
Further changes were made in the 18th century and in 1826-27 it was once more redone, this time under the supervision of John Nash, architect and landscaper.