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Places / Costa Rica / Alajuela
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Tags:   112 Black-bellied Hummingbird 85 Hummingbirds Birds Northern Highlands Costa Rica Central America

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"lying in the long grass
in the sunlight
they believe it's true love
and from all around them
flora's secret"~ Enya

Tags:   bestcapturesaoi elitegalleryaoi

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Best viewed large.

Laguna del Lagarto lodge, Costa Rica, Jan 2015.

The long-billed hermit (Phaethornis longirostris) is a large hummingbird that is a resident breeder from central Mexico south to northwestern Colombia, extreme western Venezuela and western Ecuador. This species was formerly known as the western long-tailed hermit or just long-tailed hermit, but was renamed to highlight its unusual bill.

The long-billed hermit inhabits forest undergrowth, usually near water and its preferred food plants. It is 15 cm long and weighs 6 g. The bill is very long and decurved (3.4-3.7 cm), with a black upper and pale orange lower mandible, and the central feathers of the tapered tail are long (6.3-6.8 cm) and white-tipped.

During the breeding season, male long-billed hermits sing in communal leks of up to 25 birds, and also wiggle their long tails in display. Competitive lek singing can occupy half of the daylight hours to attract females. The female selects the best lek singer to mate. The song consists of high pitched squeaky of chink churr and shree sounds. The flight call is a high sweep.
Upon maturity, males appear to be evolving a dagger-like weapon on the beak tip as a secondary sexual trait to defend mating areas.

Long-billed hermits are trap-line feeders; they do not defend territory, but visit seasonal flowers on routes through the forest up to 1 km long. They pollinate some flowers such as Aphelandra which have long flowers adapted to the hummingbirds long curved bill.

Phaethornis is a genus of 27 species of hummingbirds in the hermit subfamily Phaethornithinae. They occur from southern Mexico, through Central America, to South America as far south as northern Argentina.

Wikipedia.

Tags:   Long-billed Hermit Hermit Hummingbird Phaethornis longirostris Phaethornis Phaethornithinae Trochilidae NigelJE Laguna Del Lagarto Lodge Boca Tapada Costa Rica


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