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User / Mukul Banerjee (www.mukulbanerjee.com) / Sets / History & Architecture
Mukul Banerjee / 16 items

N 18 B 1.7K C 117 E Oct 1, 2009 F Jul 27, 2010
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Tags:   Dramatic, ToneMapped India Delhi Hunayun'sTomb Humayun tomb © Mukul Banerjee www.mukulbanerjee.com Mukul Banerjee Photography Photo Bharat Hindusthan © Mukul Banerjee Photography

N 9 B 10.7K C 75 E Jul 28, 2010 F Jul 27, 2010
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Humayun's tomb (Hindi: हुमायूँ का मक़बरा, Urdu: ہمایون کا مقبره Humayun ka Maqbara) is a complex of buildings built as the Mughal Emperor Humayun's tomb, commissioned by Humayun's wife Hamida Banu Begum in 1562 CE, and designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyath, a Persian architect. It was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent, and is located in Nizamuddin East, Delhi, India, close to the Dina-panah citadel also known as Purana Qila, that Humayun founded in 1533. It was also the first structure to use red sandstone at such a scale. The complex was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993, and since then has undergone extensive restoration work, which is still underway.
The complex encompasses the main tomb of the Emperor Humayun, which houses the graves of his wife, Hamida Begum, and also Dara Shikoh, son of the later Emperor Shah Jahan, as well as numerous other subsequent Mughals, including Emperor Jahandar Shah, Farrukhsiyar, Rafi Ul-Darjat, Rafi Ud-Daulat and Alamgir II. It represented a leap in Mughal architecture, and together with its accomplished Charbagh garden, typical of Persian gardens, but never seen before in India, it set a precedent for subsequent Mughal architecture. It is seen as a clear departure from the fairly modest mausoleum of his father, the first Mughal Emperor, Babur, called Bagh-e Babur (Gardens of Babur) in Kabul (Afghanistan). Though the latter was the first Emperor to start the tradition of being buried in a paradise garden. Modelled on Gur-e Amir, the tomb of his ancestor and Asia's conqueror Timur in Samarkand, it created a precedent for future Mughal architecture of royal mausolea, which reached its zenith with the Taj Mahal, at Agra.
The site was chosen on the banks of Yamuna river, due to its proximity to Nizamuddin Dargah, the mausoleum of the celebrated Sufi saint of Delhi, Nizamuddin Auliya, who was much revered by the rulers of Delhi, and whose residence, Chilla Nizamuddin Auliya lies just north-east of the tomb. In later Mughal history, the last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar took refuge here, during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, along with three princes, and was captured by Captain Hodson before being exiled to Rangoon. At the time of the Slave Dynasty this land was under the 'KiloKheri Fort' which was capital of Sultan Kequbad, son of Nasiruddin (1268-1287).

Tags:   Dramatic, ToneMapped India Delhi Humayun's Tomb mausoleum tomb ©mukulbanerjee worldheritage wondersoftheworld vintage unescoworldheritagesite unesco tourist tourism sunrays sunlight sun stone rays pics photographs photo old nikond60 nikon newdelhi muslim mukulbanerjee mughal mosque monument medivalindia medival light islamic islam indian indianheritage images hunayunstomb humayun history historicalindia historical heritage dslr d60 bymukulbanerjee beautiful asia art architecture arches arch ancient mywinners www.mukulbanerjee.com Mukul Banerjee Photography Bharat Hindusthan © Mukul Banerjee Photography

N 10 B 7.1K C 65 E Jul 28, 2010 F Jul 27, 2010
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Humayun's tomb (Hindi: हुमायूँ का मक़बरा, Urdu: ہمایون کا مقبره Humayun ka Maqbara) is a complex of buildings built as the Mughal Emperor Humayun's tomb, commissioned by Humayun's wife Hamida Banu Begum in 1562 CE, and designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyath, a Persian architect. It was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent, and is located in Nizamuddin East, Delhi, India, close to the Dina-panah citadel also known as Purana Qila, that Humayun founded in 1533. It was also the first structure to use red sandstone at such a scale. The complex was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993, and since then has undergone extensive restoration work, which is still underway.
The complex encompasses the main tomb of the Emperor Humayun, which houses the graves of his wife, Hamida Begum, and also Dara Shikoh, son of the later Emperor Shah Jahan, as well as numerous other subsequent Mughals, including Emperor Jahandar Shah, Farrukhsiyar, Rafi Ul-Darjat, Rafi Ud-Daulat and Alamgir II. It represented a leap in Mughal architecture, and together with its accomplished Charbagh garden, typical of Persian gardens, but never seen before in India, it set a precedent for subsequent Mughal architecture. It is seen as a clear departure from the fairly modest mausoleum of his father, the first Mughal Emperor, Babur, called Bagh-e Babur (Gardens of Babur) in Kabul (Afghanistan). Though the latter was the first Emperor to start the tradition of being buried in a paradise garden. Modelled on Gur-e Amir, the tomb of his ancestor and Asia's conqueror Timur in Samarkand, it created a precedent for future Mughal architecture of royal mausolea, which reached its zenith with the Taj Mahal, at Agra.
The site was chosen on the banks of Yamuna river, due to its proximity to Nizamuddin Dargah, the mausoleum of the celebrated Sufi saint of Delhi, Nizamuddin Auliya, who was much revered by the rulers of Delhi, and whose residence, Chilla Nizamuddin Auliya lies just north-east of the tomb. In later Mughal history, the last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar took refuge here, during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, along with three princes, and was captured by Captain Hodson before being exiled to Rangoon. At the time of the Slave Dynasty this land was under the 'KiloKheri Fort' which was capital of Sultan Kequbad, son of Nasiruddin (1268-1287).

Tags:   Dramatic, ToneMapped ©mukulbanerjee worldheritage wondersoftheworld vintage unescoworldheritagesite unesco tourist tourism sunrays sunlight sun stone rays pics photographs photo old nikond60 nikon newdelhi muslim mukulbanerjee mughal mosque monument medivalindia medival light islamic islam indian indianheritage images hunayunstomb humayun history historicalindia historical heritage dslr d60 bymukulbanerjee beautiful asia art architecture arches arch ancient mywinners www.mukulbanerjee.com Mukul Banerjee Photography INDIA Bharat Hindusthan © Mukul Banerjee Photography

N 6 B 7.0K C 33 E Jun 28, 2008 F Aug 26, 2010
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Tipu Sultan's Summer Palace is one of the famous palaces of the Mysore city. This royal structure is situated to the west of Kote Venkataramana Temple. Hydar Ali started the construction of this palace, which was completed by his son Tipu Sultan in 1791. This palace was exclusively built to run the durbar, which would deal with the happenings in the territory. Most of the palaces were stone or brick made, but this unique structure was completely built of wood so commonly known as Wooden Palace. Everything used to construct palace, right from its delicately carved pillars, its beams and ceiling is in wood.

The palace has gardens on the either side with fountains in front to keep the air cool. Fountains are no longer present. There are eastern and western balconies, from where Tipu Sultan conducted the territory affairs. These are wonderfully carved and are raised on small pillars. The palace was originally enclosed in a mud fortress, which was built in 17th century by Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar. The structure is built using the Mughal style of architecture, which resembles the Durbar Hall of Akbar at Allahabad. This architecture is a merger of Saracenic and Indian styles. The main floor of the Tipu Sultan's Summer Palace is small but artistically decorated. The tall traditional Indian style carved wooden pillars touching the first floor ceiling look like eight petalled lotus.

The walls and roofs of the Tipu Sultan's Summer Palace is covered with floral painting decorations. The upper floor comprises of the four halls, each with two balconies for the prince. All the ends of the court have balconies for the officer of the highest rank. In a small room on the ground floor, some pictures of Hydar Ali Khan, Tipu Sultan and his sons are displayed.

Tipu Sultan's Summer Palace is a beautiful wooden structure, reflecting history and heritage, and tourists visiting Mysore must make it a point to visit this grand palace to have a wonderful date with history.

Tags:   images photo Pics photographs ©mukulbanerjee tourist tourism southindia medivalindia medival karnataka islamic islam indianheritage india history historicalindia historical hdr estate emperor bymukulbanerjee blackandwhite beautiful asia art architecture Tipu Sultan Tipu Sultan Palace Srirangapatna mywinners www.mukulbanerjee.com Mukul Banerjee Photography Bharat Hindusthan © Mukul Banerjee Photography

N 19 B 5.3K C 45 E Jul 11, 2010 F Sep 6, 2010
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Belur was the early capital of the Hoysala Empire. With Halebidu which is only 16 km away, this is one of the major tourist destinations in Karnataka, India. Belur is located in Hassan district. According to inscriptions discovered here, it was also referred to as Velapuri.

The main attraction in Belur is the Chennakesava temple complex which contains the Chennakesava Temple ( dedicated to Chennakeshava , meaning handsome Vishnu) as the centre piece, surrounded by the Kappe Chennigraya temple built by Shantaladevi, queen of king Vishnuvardhana.

There are two more shrines here that are still in use by devotees and there is a Pushkarni or stepped well to the right side of the main entrance. The Dravida style rayagopuram at the entrance which was a later addition by the Vijayanagar kings, who considered this deity as one of their Kuladevata or family god.

The temple is one of the finest examples of Hoysala architecture. It was built by king Vishnuvardhana in commemoration of his victory over the Cholas at Talakad in 1117 CE. Legend has it that it took 103 years to complete and Vishnuvardhana's grandson Veera Ballala II completed the task. The facade of the temple is filled with intricate sculptures and friezes with no portion left blank. The intricate workmanship includes elephants, lions, horses, episodes from the Indian mythological epics, and sensuous dancers (Shilabalikas). Inside the temple are a number of ornate pillars. Darpana Sundari ( Lady with the mirror ) carved on walls of Belur Temple is one of major attraction in complex.

This temple along with Hoysaleswara temple in Halebidu and the Jaina monuments at Shravanabelagola are being proposed as UNESCO world heritage sites.

Tags:   worldheritage ©mukulbanerjee traditional tradition tourist tourism thisphotorocks sculpture shivlinga shivling shivaling shiva ruins puja priest praying prayer pray pics photo photographs mythology monument indianheritage indian images idol hoyasala history historicalindia heritage historical halebidu d60 bymukulbanerjee beauty beautiful asia artist art architecture ancient 12thcentury www.mukulbanerjee.com Mukul Banerjee Photography INDIA Bharat Hindusthan © Mukul Banerjee Photography


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