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ArcheoNet Vlaanderen / 45 items

N 2 B 27 C 0 E Apr 20, 2019 F Apr 20, 2019
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Tags:   Brugge Bruges Brujas Reien Spiegelrei HDR volle maan full moon square format square photo square crop

N 2 B 23 C 0 E Apr 20, 2019 F Apr 20, 2019
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Tags:   Brugge Bruges Brujas Reien Spiegelrei HDR zonsopgang sunrise

N 0 B 19 C 0 E Apr 20, 2019 F Apr 19, 2019
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Tags:   Brugge Bruges Brujas Arendshuis Reien zonsopgang HDR made by Stef den Flater sqaure photo square crop square format sunrise

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The seal of Reinoud, Lord of Valkenburg (+1333) seems to be the only knightly seal to depict poleyns attached to the Charter of Kortenberg of September 27, 1312.

With this charter the Duchy of Brabant was the first state in the Low Countries, or perhaps even the first state in Europe, to give the estates the right for participation and to limit the power of the nobility. It is actually one of the first democratic decisions in feudal Europe.
Note that the charter was written in Middle Dutch and not in Latin nor in French.

The charter was signed by duke John II of Brabant (just a month before he died), many Brabantine nobles, knights and cities (Leuven, Brussels, Antwerp, ’s-Hertogenbosch, Tienen and Zoutleeuw), and even the counts of Jülich, Loon and Vianden as the duke’s vassals regarding lands held from him.

Tags:   1312 charter charta charte kortenberg 1333 reinoud renaud valkenburg fauquemont monschau montjoie poleyn seal sceau zegel siegel ritter ridder chevalier knight caballero hauberk ailettes cotte mailles mail heaume great helm topfhelm heer herr lord seigneur sword horse sello kettenhemd coat gran yelmo pothelm ailette armour armor harnas rüstung armure leuven brabant belgium city archives stadsarchief louvain löwen lovaina mantle helmkleed helmdecke svolazzi elmo sigillo

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The seal is attached to the Charter of Kortenberg of September 27, 1312.

With this charter the Duchy of Brabant was the first state in the Low Countries, or perhaps even the first state in Europe, to give the estates the right for participation and to limit the power of the nobility. It is actually one of the first democratic decisions in feudal Europe.
Note that the charter was written in Middle Dutch and not in Latin nor in French.
The charter was signed by duke John II of Brabant (just a month before he died), many Brabantine nobles, knights and cities (Leuven, Brussels, Antwerp, ’s-Hertogenbosch, Tienen and Zoutleeuw), and even the counts of Jülich, Loon and Vianden as the duke’s vassals regarding lands held from him.

Floris Berthout, Lord of Mechelen (+1331) is depicted in full panoply of an early 14th century knight.
Note the sword being attached to Floris’s body by a chain, possibly indicating a coat-of-plates worn over the hauberk and under the surcoat. Ailettes are worn on the shoulders. The ovoid great helm is surmounted by a crest consisting of two shutters, to which is attached a mantle flowing high. Such mantles were common (at least on seals) during the late 13th and early 14th century. The saddle’s girth can be seen in between the gap of the caparison.

The coat of arms of Floris Berthout, ‘Or three pales gules’ (almost identical to the coat of arms of the present day city of Mechelen), is depicted on the shield, ailettes and caparison of the horse.

Tags:   1312 charter kortenberg charta seal sceau zegel siegel floris florent berthout heer lord seigneur herr mechelen mechlin malines 1331 knight ritter chevalier ridder caballero sello chain mantle helm great heaume topfhelm crest zimier cimier shutter or pales gules heraldry hauberk caparison saddle girth ailettes sword gran yelmo surcotte wappenrock surcoat wapenkleed paard berthoud shield ecu leuven brabant louvain city archives belgium malinas armure wapenrusting


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