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Tim Stratford / 608 items

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Lamnamkok NP, Chiang Rai, Thailand

Family : Lycaenidae
Sub-Family : Theclinae
Species : Artipe eryx eryx

A rare species distributed from Nepal, through Bhutan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, China, Taiwan, and Japan. Although quite widespread this species is very localised. It is a small butterfly with a
wingspan of just 31-39mm and is sexually dimorphic. Unusually the female is the more attractive, as can be seen above. The male is somewhat plainer, without the white flash, and looks similar to the European Green Hairstreak. Both sexes nectar on flowers, usually high in the forest canopy, and are sometimes seen puddling on damp ground. They are very fast fliers.
Habitat is primary and secondary rainforest. Larval food plants include Gardenia jasminoides (Rubiaceae), Punica granatum (Lythraceae) and Randia sp. (Rubiaceae). The larvae feed on the fruit and flower buds of the host trees.

All my insect pics are single, handheld shots of live insects in wild situations.

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Tags:   butterfly mariposa papillon farfalla Schmetterling бабочка Con bướm ผีเสื้อ animal outdoor insects insect Lepidoptera macro nature Lycaenidae Artipe eryx Green Flash Theclinae wildlife Lamnamkok NP Chiang Rai live insects Thailand Thailand butterflies ผีเสื้อใต้ฉาบหยก

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Doi Suthep-Pui NP, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Family : Riodinidae
Sub-Family : Nemeobiinae
Species : Dodona egeon egeon

This butterfly is quite rare but occurs in specific locations in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, south-western China, and Malaysia. It is a small-medium butterfly with a wingspan of 40-50mm, the female being slightly larger than the male. It is a montane forest species that is usually encountered above 1000m asl and in some regions above 2200m. The adults of both sexes feed mainly on algae, salts and bacteria growing on damp soil, leaves and rocks near streams. Other food sources are pollen, nectar and excrement.
A study in Nepal showed the larval foodplant to be Myrsine sp. , a small evergreen fruit tree of the Primulaceae family. The lifecycle is quite long and eggs laid on the host plant hatch in 7 days with the resulting larvae going through five instar stages lasting 27 days. Pupation then takes place and the new adult emerges after a further 10 days.
An upperside view of this species can be seen in the first comment box below. If you can't see it just click "View previous comments".

All my insect pics are single, handheld shots of live insects in wild situations.

Tags:   butterfly mariposa papillon farfalla Schmetterling бабочка Con bướm ผีเสื้อ animal outdoor insects insect Lepidoptera macro nature Riodinidae Dodona egeon Orange Punch Nemeobiinae wildlife Doi Suthep-Pui NP Chiang Mai live insects Thailand Thailand butterflies ผีเสื้อภูเขาลายแสด

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Plateau des Gras, Bidon, Ardèche, France

Family : Nymphalidae
Subfamily : Limenitidinae
Species : Limenitis reducta

This is one of the most widespread species of all butterflies. It is present throughout a large part of central and southern mainland Europe and continues eastwards through the Middle East, Caucasus, Russia, and Central Asia to China, Japan, and Korea. There are ten different subspecies throughout its range. Its flight period is from May to September, sometimes in one brood but often in two. It is a medium size butterfly with a wingspan of 50-60mm. The species is noted for its graceful flight, alternately flitting and gliding through the foliage of the trees.
Habitat is sunny open woodland and dry bushy scrubland. Males are very territorial and patrol up and down their territory, perching on the edges of a bush at about 2m off the ground to warn off potential competitors. Both sexes nectar on various flowers and males sometimes imbibe minerals from damp ground, dung, and rotten fruits. Females lay their eggs in late summer on Lonicera sp. (Honeysuckle), the larval food plant. The eggs hatch within a few days and the larvae begin feeding on the leaves of the plant before hibernating in a curled-up leaf. On awakening in the Spring they resume feeding before pupation and the eventual emergence as an adult.

All my insect pics are single, handheld shots of live insects in wild situations.

Tags:   butterfly butterflies mariposa papillon farfalla Schmetterling бабочка animal outdoor insects insect Lepidoptera macro nature Nymphalidae Limenitis reducta Southern White Admiral Sylvain azuré Ninfa de los arroyos Blauschwarzer Eisvogel Limenitidinae wildlife Ardèche Plateau des Gras Bidon live insects France

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Doi Suthep-Pui NP, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Family : Papilionidae
Sub-Family : Papilioninae
Species : Graphium sarpedon sarpedon

This is probably the most widespread of the oriental species and is found in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, China, Japan, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, and Australia. In Australia it is known as the Blue Triangle. It is a medium size butterfly with a wingspan of 60-70mm. The upper wing pattern is similar to the underside but without the red markings, and the sexes are similarly alike. An unusual feature is that the tibia and tarsus sections of the leg are coloured blue. They are strong and agile fliers. The males are avid 'puddlers' and like other Graphium species they have an interesting method of carrying out this practice. They suck up the water and extract the minerals in the normal way but in addition continually expel the excess water from the anus. This has the effect of dissolving more minerals from the ground which they then re-imbibe. They are sometimes seen in quite large puddling 'groups' with other Graphium and non-Graphium species. Females are more elusive and usually only seen when they are looking for egg-laying sites.
Habitat is a wide range of forested areas up to around 1500m asl. Females lay their eggs singly on young saplings of the host plant and the complete lifecycle takes about 26 days from egg to adult. The larval foodplants are mainly from the aromatic Lauraceae family and in Thailand include Cinnamomum camphora, Cinnamomum porrectus, Litsea cubeba, Litsea glutinosa, and Persea kursii.

All my insect pics are single, handheld shots of live insects in wild situations.

Tags:   butterfly mariposa papillon farfalla Schmetterling бабочка Con bướm ผีเสื้อ animal outdoor insects insect Lepidoptera macro nature Papilionidae Graphium sarpedon Common Bluebottle Papilioninae wildlife Doi Suthep-Pui NP Chiang Mai live insects Thailand Thailand butterflies ผีเสื้อสะพายฟ้า

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Barbury Castle, Swindon, Wiltshire, U.K.

Family : Nymphalidae
Subfamily : Nymphalinae
Species : Vanessa cardui

This is one of the most widely distributed of all butterflies and is found throughout Europe, Asia, Australasia, Africa, and the Americas. In some places it is a migrant species, the UK for example where the migrants come from North Africa and the Mediterranean region in early summer. Although they then breed they are unable to survive the British winter, even in the larval stage. It is a large butterfly with a wingspan of 55-70mm and is a powerful flyer, habitually flying from flower to flower, stopping for just a few seconds at each to take nectar.
Due to its migratory tendencies Vanessa cardui is found in a widely diverse range of habitats from coastal areas to mountain regions up to an altitude of around 2500m. It is an avid nectar feeder and seems to have a preference for thistles but also feeds on Bird's-foot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatus), Bugle (Ajuga reptans), Knapweeds (Centaurea spp.), and Ragwort (Senecio jacobaea). Females lay their eggs singly on the leaves of the larval foodplant, usually Thistles (Cirsium spp. and Carduus spp.), and sometimes Common Nettle (Urtica dioica).


All my insect pics are single, handheld shots of live insects.

Tags:   butterfly butterflies mariposa papillon farfalla Schmetterling бабочка animal outdoor insects insect Lepidoptera macro nature Nymphalidae Vanessa cardui Painted Lady Nymphalinae wildlife Wiltshire live insects UK


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