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Tim Stratford / 617 items

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Mont Lozère, Parc National des Cévennes, Lozère, France

Family : Nymphalidae
Subfamily : Heliconiinae
Species : Issoria lathonia

Widely distributed throughout most of mainland Europe (except for Scandinavia), parts of North Africa, and continuing eastwards through Turkey, Russia, the Caucasus, and Central Asia. It is a small-medium butterfly with a wingspan of 35-55mm, the females being slightly larger than the males. Both sexes are similar in appearance and have a distinctive wing shape compared to other fritillary species. It is a strong flier but usually stays close to the ground. Found in a number of different habitats from woodland to alpine meadows and heathland.
The larval foodplants are specific Viola species, namely Viola arvensis, Viola odorata, Viola hirta and Viola tricolor. In lowland locations there are often two broods (rarely three) per year but only one at alpine sites. Females lay their eggs singly on or near the host plant in warm, dry, and sheltered situations.

All my insect pics are single, handheld shots of live insects in wild situations.

Tags:   butterfly butterflies mariposa papillon farfalla Schmetterling бабочка animal outdoor insects insect Lepidoptera macro nature Nymphalidae Issoria lathonia Queen of Spain Fritillary Latonia Kleiner Perlmutterfalter Sofía Storfläckig pärlemorfjäril Heliconiinae wildlife Lozère Parc National des Cévennes Mont Lozère live insects France

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Lower Moor Farm NR, Wiltshire, UK

Family : Corduliidae
Sub-Family : Corduliinae
Species : Cordulia aenea aenea

A medium-sized dragonfly with a total body length of 50-55mm and a wingspan of around 70mm. Widely distributed throughout much of Europe spreading eastwards through Russia to Korea and Japan. Flying time for this beautiful species is from May to early July. Although it likes sunny locations this dragonfly is often active in overcast weather, unlike many other species that 'go to ground' as soon as the sun disappears.
Preferred habitat is a freshwater pond situated within, or close to, deciduous woodland. Sparse emergent vegetation, scattered bankside trees, and a carpet of leaf litter on the pond floor offers the best conditions for breeding. Other habitats include gravel pits, slow-moving rivers, canals, and in southern Europe around alpine lakes. The larval period lasts from two to three years and the survival rate is extremely low. The number of larvae that develop into adults can be less than 1% according to some estimations.

All my insect pics are single, handheld shots of live insects.

Tags:   dragonfly libellule libélula 蜻蜓 стрекоза แมลงปอ animal outdoor insect Odonata macro nature Corduliidae Cordulia aenea Downy Emerald Vaskikorento Gemeine Smaragdlibelle Cordulie Bronzée Guldtrollslända Smaragdlibel Corduliinae wildlife Lower Moor Farm NR Wiltshire live insects UK

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Daneway Bank NR, Gloucestershire, U.K.

Family: Rutelidae
SubFamily : Rutelinae
Species: Phyllopertha horticola

This species is widespread across much of Europe spreading eatwards as far as Mongolia and Korea. Despite its name it is more often found in open woodland, uncultivated meadows, calcareous downland, and other areas of long grass. It is a small beetle with a length of around 10-12mm and is usually seen during the mid-summer months. The adults live for about 8 weeks and feed on the leaves of various plants and trees.
The larvae are soil-dwelling and can be considered a pest as they feed on the roots of grasses and other plants. They are white with brown heads and are larger than the adult beetle, measuring up to 18mm in length. They resemble the larvae of Lucanus cervus (the Stag Beetle) which is not a pest and found in dead wood rather than the soil.

All my insect pics are single, handheld shots of live insects.

Tags:   beetle scarabée escarabajo scarafaggio Käfer 甲虫 жук animal outdoor insect Coleoptera macro nature Rutelidae Phyllopertha horticola Garden Chafer Rutelinae wildlife Daneway Bank NR Gloucestershire live insects UK

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Bentley Wood, Hampshire, U.K.

Family : Nymphalidae
Subfamily : Heliconiinae
Species : Boloria selene

This is a widely distributed species although not particularly common. Found in small colonies throughout most of northern and central Europe, Russia, parts of Central Asia, Mongolia, Korea, Japan, and North America. Because of this wide distribution it has several different common names including Silver-bordered Fritillary, Astro Fritillary, Myrina Fritillary, Silver-Borded Fritillary, and Silver Meadow Fritillary. It is a medium sized butterfly with a wingspan of 35-44mm, the female being larger than the male. Both sexes are avid nectar feeders, and can be seen on the flowers of Ajuga reptans, Hyacinthoides non-scriptus, Lotus corniculatus, Ranunculus spp., Euphorbia amygdaloides, Lychnis flos-cuculi and others.
It is found in various habitats including open areas within deciduous woodland, marshes, fens, moorland, and sometimes near sea cliffs. Common at all sites are damp areas where the foodplants are able to grow vigorously. Eggs are laid singly on or near the foodplant and the larvae hibernate over winter and re-emerge in the Spring. The primary larval foodplants are Viola sp. and in the UK specifically Common Dog-violet (Viola riviniana) and Marsh Violet (Viola palustris).
In the first comment box I have put a pic of the underside of this species. Just click on it to see the large version.

All my insect pics are single, handheld shots of live insects.

Tags:   butterfly butterflies mariposa papillon farfalla Schmetterling бабочка animal outdoor insects insect Lepidoptera macro nature Nymphalidae Boloria selene Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Heliconiinae wildlife Hampshire Bentley Wood live insects UK

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Doi Suthep-Pui NP, Chaing Mai, Thailand

Family : Nymphalidae
Sub-Family : Danainae
Species : Euploea mulciber mulciber

Distributed from India, through Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines. It is a large butterfly with a wingspan of 80-90mm and they are unpalatable to predators. Although very common they are a difficult species to photograph as they are very nervous of humans. I see them all the time in Thailand but I have yet to get a shot of the beautiful iridescent blue on the upper surface of the wings. Habitat is rainforest and humid deciduous forest at elevations between sea level and about 1000m. Males and females puddle on damp ground but the latter is more often seen nectaring on various flowering bushes.
This species is polyphagous and has many larval host plants including Ficus altissima, Ficus racemosa (Moraceae ), Nerium indicum, Nerium oleander (Apocynaceae) , and Toxocarpus villosus (Asclepiadaceae). Females lay their eggs singly on the underside of a leaf on the host plant. The eggs take 3 days to hatch and the resulting larva goes rapidly through 5 instars in 11-12 days before pupating. After 6-7 days of development the new adult emerges and the next lifecycle begins.

All my insect pics are single, handheld shots of live insects in wild situations.

Tags:   butterfly mariposa papillon farfalla Schmetterling бабочка Con bướm ผีเสื้อ animal outdoor insects insect Lepidoptera macro nature Nymphalidae Euploea mulciber Striped Blue Crow Danainae wildlife Doi Suthep-Pui NP Chiang Mai live insects Thailand Thailand butterflies ผีเสื้อจรกาเมียลาย


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