Gorgeous Night Scenery in Taiwan.
Tags: 台灣 桃園 楊梅 楊梅之眼 五楊高架 風景 夜景 車軌 長曝 藍調 Taiwan Taoyuan Yangmei Landscape Landscapes Night Night scene Night view Night shot Light trail Long exposure Light Blue Blue hour Magic blue Canon EOS 77D Canon77D Tokina 11-16 Tokina 11-16 Tokina 11-16mm Colors Colours Colour Day Photography Sky Outside Tree Trees City Freeway Road Curve
© All Rights Reserved
The chukar partridge(Alectoris chukar), or simply chukar, is a Eurasian upland gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae. It has been considered to form a superspecies complex along with the rock partridge, Philby's partridge and Przevalski's partridge and treated in the past as conspecific particularly with the first. This partridge has well marked black and white bars on the flanks and a black band running from the forehead across the eye and running down the head to form a necklace that encloses a white throat. The species has been introduced into many other places and feral populations have established themselves in parts of North America and New Zealand. This bird can be found in parts of Middle East and South Asia.
The chukar partridge is part of a confusing group of "red-legged partridges". Several plumage variations within the widespread distribution of the chukar partridge have been described and designated as subspecies. In the past the chukar group was included with the rock partridge (also known as the Greek partridge). The species from Turkey and farther east was subsequently separated from A. graeca of Greece and Bulgaria and western Europe.
In the non-breeding season, chukar partridge are found in small coveys of 10 or more (up to 50) birds. In summer, chukars form pairs to breed. During this time, the cocks are very pugnacious calling and fighting. During winter they descend into the valleys and feed in fields. They call frequently during the day and especially in the mornings and evenings. The call is loud and includes loud repeated "Chuck" notes and sometimes duetting "Chuker" notes. Several calls varying with context have been noted. The commonest call is a "rallying call" which when played back elicits a response from birds and has been used in surveys, although the method is not very reliable. When disturbed, it prefers to run rather than fly, but if necessary it flies a short distance often down a slope on rounded wings, calling immediately after alighting. In Utah, birds were found to forage in an area of about 2.6 km2 (1.0 sq mi). and travel up to 4.8 km (3.0 mi) to obtain water during the dry season. The home range was found to be even smaller in Idaho.
The breeding season is summer. Males perform tidbitting displays, a form of courtship feeding where the male pecks at food and a female may visit to peck in response. The males may chase females with head lowered, wing lowered and neck fluffed. The male may also perform a high step stiff walk while making a special call. The female may then crouch in acceptance and the male mounts to copulate, while grasping the nape of the female. Males are monogamous. The nest is a scantily lined ground scrape, though occasionally a compact pad is created with a depression in the center. Generally, the nests are sheltered by ferns and small bushes, or placed in a dip or rocky hillside under an overhanging rock. About 7 to 14 eggs are laid.The eggs hatch in about 23–25 days. In captivity they can lay an egg each day during the breeding season if eggs are collected daily. Chicks join their parents in foraging and will soon join the chicks of other members of the covey.
As young chukars grow, and before flying for the first time, they utilize wing-assisted incline running as a transition to adult flight. This behaviour is found in several bird species, but has been extensively studied in chukar chicks, as a model to explain the evolution of avian flight.
Chukar will take a wide variety of seeds and some insects as food. It also ingests grit. In Kashmir, the seeds of a species of Eragrostis was particularly dominant in their diet while those in the US favoured Bromus tectorum. Birds feeding on succulent vegetation make up for their water needs but visit open water in summer.
Chukar roost on rocky slopes or under shrubs. In winter, birds in the US selected protected niches or caves. A group may roost in a tight circle with their heads pointed outwards to conserve heat and keep a look out for predators , they are sometimes preyed on by golden eagles
The chukar is the national bird of Kurdistan Region of Iraq and of Pakistan, The name is onometapoeic and mentions of chakor in Sanskrit, from the northern Indian subcontinent date back to the Markandeya Purana (c. 250-500 AD).In North Indian and Pakistani culture, as well as in Indian mythology, the chukar sometimes symbolizes intense, and often unrequited, love. It is said to be in love with the moon and to gaze at it constantly.Because of their pugnacious behavior during the breeding season they are kept in some areas as fighting birds
Tags: wildlife_of_pakistan wildlife WWF WILD white winter birds_of_pakistan BBC bird BLUE bukkeh beak art air animal Common contrast dof DEPTH-OF-FIELD detail disk eyes eagleowl early-morning Perfect feather first-rays-of-light face fauna flower facial grey Great Himalayan Habitat HILLS himalaya holiday IUCN indus jungle sky Pakistan nikkor nikon landscape light mountains NATURE NATGEO NOOR-HUSSAIN NGC noor national rock grass forest tree wood leaf Chukar partridge Chukar_partridge Alectoris Alectorischukar
© All Rights Reserved
Tags: japan night architecture light asia landmark city tourism travel asian japanese view sky famous background building urban tower evening landscape tokyo illuminated nature beautiful culture street skyline cityscape tree kansai traditional modern place scene downtown garden season colorful ancient temple dusk sightseeing scenic historical abstract sakura color outdoor cherry twilight Anthony Presley Anthonypresley
© All Rights Reserved
After sunset near Blavand Fyr in August, Jylland, Denmark
Tags: Sky Heidekraut 6d Sea Wolken Hemel Kleuren Heide 24-105 Lys Landscape Beach Denmark Vesterhavet Colours August Himlen Lyng Countryside Lumière Photomatix Pro Sonnenuntergang Dunes Skyer Nature Blåvand Nordsee See Licht Summer Hede Canon Strand Sable Ciel Küste Seascape Zand Noordzee Paysage Kust Nuages Water Interesting Sommer 2019 Eau Landskabet Natur Light Dänemark Christian Kortum Landschaft Solnedgang Himmel Mèr du Nord Jütland Zee Danmark Farben Clouds Denemarken Sunset Blavand Lovely Heather Coucher de soleil HDR Sol Hvidbjerg Strand Eos 6D North Sea